There are several reasons why the rider may experience too much pressure on his/her hands, however these two are the most common:
- 1.- a too low or too far handlebar.
- 2.- a too forwarded saddle.
How can the exact reason be determined?
First of all, we need to check the rider’s back positioning, and for that we will use the classical KOP bike fit method; KOP stands for Knee Over the Pedal which states that the knee should be over pedal axle when the crank is in 90º position. Despite the fact this is not an accurate method, it represents an illustrative starting point: if the riders happens to be too forwarded in his/her saddle we could try to move it backwards and check how it affects his/her arms and hands, this will probably decrease the pressure.
In case the rider’s back position is ok, we will now focus on the handlebar. In case it is too far and low, the rider may feel pressure in his/her hands and also may be forced to ride with his/her arms fully extended which may limit the rider’s front sight and also increase saddle pressure on perineum. In case the rider reports any of these symptoms we can reduce the handlebar distance and increase its height, which will decrease hands pressure.
Sometimes, a simple detail such as a slightly nose down saddle may slide down the rider who tends to stop this movement using his/her hands on handlebar which causes an extreme pressure. Simply leveling the saddle we will reach the correct hands resting position on handlebar.
A good hands positioning on handlebar allows the rider: to rest lumbar zone, a nice driving on all surfaces and also a pleasant look ahead without negatively compromising his/her performance.